Instructions that are medically inappropriate, ethically inappropriate, or illegal
How strong are my Instructions?
Your agent cannot make decisions that conflict with your Instructions.
Your health care providers cannot treat you in a way that conflicts with your Instructions. But there are a few exceptions:
Treatment that is allowed by a court order
A serious emergency where immediate treatment is needed for your safety or someone else’s safety
What sort of things can I write in an AD?
You can write anything that will be helpful to your health care providers and agent. There are three types of details:
You can write down your health care wants and values
One thing you can do to plan for a time when you cannot make health care decisions is to write down details about what you do and do not want for treatment.
You are the person who knows your health care history, values, and wants best. But when you are injured or ill and cannot make decisions, it will be very hard to share those important details.
Writing those details down in an AD creates a “cheat sheet” for your agent and health care providers.
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This website is not intended to provide legal advice. It is merely a guide, and reflects one view of Advance Directives in Virginia. It can be beneficial to consult with an attorney regarding your Advance Directive. However, the intention of Virginia’s law on Advance Directives is to enable and encourage all capable adults to fill out an Advance Directive on their own.
This website is designed and administered by Mental Health America of Virginia (MHAV) and is funded through a grant by the Virginia Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services.